How to Do Correlation in Google Sheets: A Step-by-Step Guide

If you want to find out if there’s a relationship between two variables in Google Sheets, you’ll need to use the CORREL function. This function measures the strength and direction of a linear relationship between two sets of data. By following a few easy steps, you can quickly determine whether your data sets are related and how strong that relationship is.

How to do Correlation in Google Sheets

The following steps will guide you through using the CORREL function in Google Sheets to find the correlation coefficient between two sets of data.

Step 1: Open Google Sheets

First, open Google Sheets. You can do this by going to and logging in to your Google account, or by opening the Google Sheets app on your device.

Step 2: Input Your Data

Enter your data into two columns. For example, you could input your first variable into column A and your second variable into column B.

Make sure your data is neatly organized. Each row should represent a pair of corresponding values. This organization is essential for the CORREL function to work correctly.

Step 3: Select an Empty Cell

Click on an empty cell where you want the correlation coefficient to be displayed. This cell will show the result once you input the CORREL function.

Step 4: Enter the CORREL Function

Type in the CORREL function. The syntax is =CORREL(range1, range2). For example, if your data is in columns A and B from row 1 to row 10, you would type =CORREL(A1:A10, B1:B10).

Press Enter after typing the function. The cell you selected will now display the correlation coefficient, a value between -1 and 1.

Step 5: Interpret the Results

Understand the result. A correlation coefficient close to 1 indicates a strong positive relationship, close to -1 indicates a strong negative relationship, and around 0 indicates little to no relationship.

After completing these steps, you’ll have a clear idea of how the two variables are related. This information can be useful for making data-driven decisions or further analysis.

Tips for How to do Correlation in Google Sheets

  • Always double-check your data to ensure it’s accurate and correctly formatted.
  • Remember that correlation does not imply causation. A high correlation doesn’t mean one variable causes the other.
  • Use charts alongside the CORREL function to visualize the relationship between the data sets.
  • Be aware of outliers, as they can skew your correlation results.
  • If you have missing data points, consider how this will affect your results and whether you need to clean your data first.

Frequently Asked Questions

What does a correlation coefficient tell you?

A correlation coefficient indicates how strong and in which direction two variables are related. A value close to 1 means a strong positive relationship, while a value close to -1 means a strong negative relationship.

Can you use the CORREL function with non-numeric data?

No, the CORREL function only works with numeric data. If you have non-numeric data, you’ll need to convert it into numbers.

What does it mean if the correlation coefficient is 0?

A correlation coefficient of 0 indicates no linear relationship between the two variables.

Can I use the CORREL function on multiple data sets at once?

No, the CORREL function only compares two sets of data at a time. You’ll need to perform multiple calculations if you have more than two data sets to compare.

What should I do if I get an error when using the CORREL function?

Double-check your ranges and ensure all data points are numeric. Errors often occur due to incorrect ranges or non-numeric data.


  1. Open Google Sheets.
  2. Input your data.
  3. Select an empty cell.
  4. Enter the CORREL function.
  5. Interpret the results.


Understanding how to do correlation in Google Sheets can be a game-changer for anyone looking to analyze data sets. Whether you’re a student trying to complete a science project or a business professional making data-driven decisions, knowing the relationship between variables helps you make better choices.

While correlation is a powerful tool, remember it’s just one piece of the puzzle. Always consider other statistical methods and visual aids to get a complete picture. If you found this guide helpful, why not explore other functions in Google Sheets? The more you know, the better you can leverage data to your advantage. So get out there, start analyzing, and take your data skills to the next level!