How to Fix Corrupted Files Windows 11: Step-by-Step Guide for Users

how to fix corrupted files windows 11

Dealing with corrupted files on Windows 11 can be frustrating, but it’s something you can fix on your own. By using built-in tools like File Explorer, Command Prompt, and SFC (System File Checker), you can identify and repair corrupted files. Follow the steps below to get your system back in shape.

How to Fix Corrupted Files on Windows 11

This guide will help you troubleshoot and repair corrupted files on Windows 11 using built-in tools and methods.

Step 1: Open File Explorer

Open File Explorer by pressing the Windows + E keys simultaneously.

File Explorer is your go-to tool for navigating and managing files on your computer. By accessing it, you can locate the files or folders that might be corrupted and need fixing.

Step 2: Right-Click the Corrupted File

Right-click the corrupted file and select "Properties" from the context menu.

By right-clicking and accessing the Properties menu, you can dive deeper into the file’s settings, check its size, and even run compatibility troubleshooting.

Step 3: Use the Error Checking Tool

Navigate to the "Tools" tab and click "Check" under the "Error checking" section.

The Error Checking tool scans the file or folder for any issues. It’s similar to a doctor’s check-up, diagnosing problems that could be causing the corruption.

Step 4: Run the SFC Command

Open Command Prompt as an administrator by typing "cmd" in the Windows search bar, right-clicking it, and selecting "Run as administrator". Then, type "sfc /scannow" and press Enter.

The SFC (System File Checker) command scans all protected system files and replaces corrupted ones with a cached copy. Think of it as a repairman who replaces broken parts with new ones.

Step 5: Restart Your Computer

After the scan completes, restart your computer to apply any changes.

Restarting your computer ensures that any repairs or changes take full effect. It’s like rebooting your phone after an update to ensure everything runs smoothly.

Once these steps are completed, your corrupted files should be repaired, or you’ll receive a report indicating if further action is needed. Running these tools can help maintain system integrity and prevent future issues.

Tips for Fixing Corrupted Files on Windows 11

  • Keep your system updated: Regular updates often include fixes for known issues.
  • Use antivirus software: Regular scans can prevent malware from corrupting your files.
  • Backup regularly: Always keep a backup of important files to avoid losing them.
  • Avoid abrupt shutdowns: Sudden power-offs can cause file corruption.
  • Use reliable software: Avoid downloading or installing unverified programs that might be harmful.

Frequently Asked Questions

What causes file corruption?

File corruption can be caused by sudden power outages, malware, hardware failures, or software bugs.

Can corrupted files be recovered?

Yes, they can often be recovered using built-in Windows tools like SFC or third-party software designed for data recovery.

How long does the SFC scan take?

The SFC scan usually takes between 10 to 30 minutes, depending on your system’s speed and the number of files.

Do I need to be an administrator to run SFC?

Yes, running SFC requires administrative privileges to modify system files.

Can I use third-party tools to fix corrupted files?

Yes, there are several reliable third-party tools available that can help recover and repair corrupted files.


  1. Open File Explorer.
  2. Right-click the corrupted file.
  3. Use the Error Checking tool.
  4. Run the SFC command.
  5. Restart your computer.


Fixing corrupted files on Windows 11 doesn’t have to be a daunting task. By following these simple steps and utilizing built-in tools, you can take control of your system’s health. Remember to keep your system updated and run regular antivirus checks to minimize the chances of file corruption. If you encounter persistent issues, consider consulting additional resources or seeking professional help. For more in-depth solutions, checking Microsoft’s support page can be beneficial. Stay proactive, and your Windows 11 experience will remain smooth and efficient.