How to Use Ubuntu in Windows 11: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners

Using Ubuntu in Windows 11 is a breeze with the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). With just a few steps, you can run Ubuntu alongside Windows without needing a dual-boot setup or a virtual machine. You’ll need to enable WSL, install Ubuntu from the Microsoft Store, and set it up. Easy peasy!

Step-by-Step Tutorial: Using Ubuntu in Windows 11

You’re about to learn how to enable and use Ubuntu on your Windows 11 machine through the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). This will let you run Ubuntu and Windows side-by-side.

Step 1: Enable WSL

First, open PowerShell as an Administrator and run the command: wsl --install.

This command sets up WSL, enabling your system to run Linux distributions. It might take a few minutes, so be patient. Once it’s done, you’ll need to restart your computer.

Step 2: Install Ubuntu

After rebooting, open the Microsoft Store, search for "Ubuntu," and click "Install."

The Microsoft Store offers different versions of Ubuntu. Choose the one that suits you best. The installation might take some time depending on your internet speed.

Step 3: Launch Ubuntu

Once the installation is complete, click "Launch" from the Microsoft Store, or find Ubuntu in your Start menu.

This will open a terminal window, where you’ll be asked to set up a new Linux username and password. These credentials are separate from your Windows login details.

Step 4: Update Ubuntu

In the Ubuntu terminal, type sudo apt update and sudo apt upgrade to update and upgrade your packages.

This ensures you have the latest software and security patches. It might take a while, so feel free to grab a coffee.

Step 5: Start Using Ubuntu

Now you can start using Ubuntu! You can install Linux apps, run scripts, or even develop software directly from this terminal.

Explore the flexibility of Ubuntu. Whether you’re coding, scripting, or just exploring, everything you need is right at your fingertips.

After completing these steps, you’ll be able to run Ubuntu on your Windows 11 machine. Your new setup is perfect for a variety of tasks, from coding and development to exploring Linux.

Tips for Using Ubuntu in Windows 11

  • Use Shortcuts: Use Ctrl + Shift to copy and paste between Windows and Ubuntu terminals.
  • Enable WSL 2: For better performance, ensure you’re using WSL 2 by running wsl --set-default-version 2.
  • Backup Your Files: Regularly back up your important files to avoid data loss.
  • Explore Packages: Take advantage of Ubuntu’s vast repository of software packages.
  • Customize Your Terminal: Personalize your terminal with themes and extensions for a more pleasant experience.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is WSL?

WSL stands for Windows Subsystem for Linux. It allows you to run Linux distributions on Windows without a virtual machine.

Is WSL free?

Yes, WSL is free to use on Windows 11.

Can I run graphical Linux apps on WSL?

Yes, you can run GUI Linux apps on WSL 2, but you might need to install additional components.

How do I update WSL?

You can update WSL by running wsl --update in PowerShell.

Do I need to partition my drive to use WSL?

No, WSL does not require partitioning your drive. It runs alongside Windows.


  1. Enable WSL with wsl --install.
  2. Restart your computer.
  3. Install Ubuntu from the Microsoft Store.
  4. Launch Ubuntu and set up your credentials.
  5. Update Ubuntu using sudo apt update and sudo apt upgrade.


Running Ubuntu in Windows 11 using WSL is not only straightforward but also incredibly efficient. This hybrid setup allows you to enjoy the best of both worlds, making it perfect for coding, scripting, or exploring the Linux ecosystem without the hassle of dual-booting or setting up virtual machines.

For further reading, consider exploring more about WSL 2 and the various Linux distributions available on the Microsoft Store. If you encounter any issues, Microsoft’s documentation and various online communities are excellent resources.

Getting Ubuntu up and running on Windows 11 is a game-changer for developers, hobbyists, and tech enthusiasts alike. So, dive in and start exploring the endless possibilities that this setup offers!