How to Install Ubuntu on Windows 11: A Comprehensive Step-by-Step Guide

Installing Ubuntu on Windows 11 is a straightforward process that involves setting up a virtual machine using software called VirtualBox. First, you download and install VirtualBox on your Windows 11 computer. Then, you create a new virtual machine and allocate resources like memory and storage. After that, you download the Ubuntu ISO file and use it to install Ubuntu on the virtual machine. Finally, you can boot up and use Ubuntu just like you would on a dedicated machine.

How to Install Ubuntu on Windows 11

This guide will walk you through the steps to set up and run Ubuntu within Windows 11 using VirtualBox. This method allows you to experience Ubuntu without modifying your existing Windows installation.

Step 1: Download and Install VirtualBox

Go to the official VirtualBox website and download the installer for Windows.

VirtualBox is a free and open-source virtualization software. Installing it on your computer is as simple as running the downloaded file and following the on-screen instructions. Make sure to install the Extension Pack as well for enhanced functionality.

Step 2: Download the Ubuntu ISO File

Visit the official Ubuntu website and download the latest ISO file.

The ISO file is essentially a disk image of the Ubuntu operating system. This file will be used to install Ubuntu on your virtual machine. Make sure you download the version that matches your system’s architecture (usually the 64-bit version).

Step 3: Create a New Virtual Machine in VirtualBox

Open VirtualBox and click on "New" to create a new virtual machine.

You’ll need to name your virtual machine and select "Linux" as the type and "Ubuntu" as the version. Follow the prompts to allocate resources like memory (at least 2 GB) and storage (at least 25 GB) for your virtual machine.

Step 4: Configure the Virtual Machine Settings

Select your new virtual machine and click on "Settings" to adjust its configurations.

Under the "Storage" section, add a new optical drive and select the Ubuntu ISO file you downloaded. You can also tweak other settings like network and system preferences to better match your needs.

Step 5: Start the Virtual Machine and Install Ubuntu

Click on "Start" to boot up your new virtual machine and begin the Ubuntu installation process.

You’ll be guided through the Ubuntu installation process within the virtual machine. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the setup. This will include tasks like selecting your language, keyboard layout, and time zone, as well as creating a user account.

After completing these steps, you will have a fully functioning Ubuntu system running within Windows 11. You can now explore Ubuntu and its features without affecting your main operating system.

Tips for Installing Ubuntu on Windows 11

  • Allocate Sufficient Resources: Make sure to allocate enough memory and storage to your virtual machine to ensure smooth performance.
  • Install Guest Additions: After setting up Ubuntu, install VirtualBox Guest Additions for improved performance and additional features like shared folders and clipboard.
  • Backup Your Work: Always save your work frequently, especially when experimenting with new software.
  • Use Snapshots: Utilize VirtualBox’s snapshot feature to save the current state of your virtual machine. This allows you to revert back if something goes wrong.
  • Adjust Display Settings: Make sure to adjust the display settings in VirtualBox for optimal screen resolution and better user experience.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is VirtualBox?

VirtualBox is virtualization software that allows you to run multiple operating systems on a single computer. It’s free and open-source, making it a popular choice for running Ubuntu on Windows.

Is it safe to install Ubuntu on Windows 11?

Yes, it is safe. Using VirtualBox ensures that Ubuntu runs in a separate environment, so it won’t affect your primary Windows installation.

How much memory should I allocate to the virtual machine?

At least 2 GB of RAM is recommended, but more is better if your system can spare it.

Do I need an internet connection to install Ubuntu?

An internet connection is not required to install Ubuntu, but it is recommended to download updates and additional software during the installation process.

Can I delete the Ubuntu ISO file after installation?

Yes, once Ubuntu is successfully installed on the virtual machine, you can delete the ISO file to free up storage space.


  1. Download and Install VirtualBox: Get the installer from the VirtualBox website.
  2. Download the Ubuntu ISO File: Visit the Ubuntu website for the latest version.
  3. Create a New Virtual Machine: Open VirtualBox and set up a new VM.
  4. Configure the Virtual Machine Settings: Add the Ubuntu ISO to the VM.
  5. Start the Virtual Machine and Install Ubuntu: Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation.


Installing Ubuntu on Windows 11 using VirtualBox is a fantastic way to explore a new operating system without altering your primary setup. This method is particularly helpful for developers, students, and tech enthusiasts who want to play around with Ubuntu without committing to a dual-boot setup. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can quickly and easily get Ubuntu up and running on your Windows 11 machine.

Don’t be afraid to experiment and explore the vast ecosystem of software available on Ubuntu. Whether you’re delving into programming, trying out different software, or just exploring the Linux environment, Ubuntu offers a plethora of possibilities.

For further reading, you might want to check out guides on advanced VirtualBox configurations or Ubuntu’s extensive online documentation. Feel free to dive into this new world and see what it has to offer!