How to Make a Standard Deviation Graph in Google Sheets: A Step-by-Step Guide

Want to create a standard deviation graph in Google Sheets? This guide will show you how in straightforward steps. By the end, you’ll have a visual representation of your data’s spread.

How to Make a Standard Deviation Graph in Google Sheets

With these steps, you’ll transform raw data into a clear, insightful graph. Let’s get started!

Step 1: Open Google Sheets

Open a new or existing Google Sheets document.
Ensure you have an internet connection. If you don’t have a Google account, you’ll need to create one first.

Step 2: Enter Your Data

Input the data you want to analyze into one column.
Make sure your data is clean—no empty cells in between. This ensures the analysis is accurate.

Step 3: Calculate the Mean

In an empty cell, type =AVERAGE(range), where range is your data column.
This step is crucial because the mean is the baseline for calculating standard deviation.

Step 4: Calculate Standard Deviation

In another empty cell, type =STDEVP(range) for a population or =STDEV(range) for a sample.
This function will give you the standard deviation, helping you understand data dispersion.

Step 5: Create a Chart

Highlight your data and then click Insert > Chart.
From the Chart Editor, select ‘Scatter Chart.’ This type of chart is ideal for representing standard deviation visually.

Step 6: Add Error Bars

In the Chart Editor, click ‘Customize’, go to ‘Series’, then ‘Error bars’, and input the standard deviation value.
Error bars give a visual representation of the variability of the data.

Once you’ve followed these steps, you’ll see a scatter plot with error bars showing the standard deviation. This graph will help you quickly understand the spread of your data.

Tips for Making a Standard Deviation Graph in Google Sheets

  • Double-check your data: Ensure there are no empty cells or errors to get an accurate analysis.
  • Use proper functions: Remember to use STDEVP for population data and STDEV for sample data.
  • Label clearly: Make sure your chart and axes are clearly labeled to make your graph easy to understand.
  • Customize your chart: Use colors and styles to make your graph more visually appealing.
  • Save frequently: Don’t forget to save your work to avoid losing any progress.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is standard deviation?

Standard deviation measures the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of values.

Why use a scatter plot?

Scatter plots are great for showing relationships between two variables and the spread of data points.

Can I use Excel instead of Google Sheets?

Yes, but the steps might differ slightly. Google Sheets is a free alternative.

What if my data has outliers?

Outliers can skew your standard deviation. Consider removing them for more accurate results.

How do I share my Google Sheets graph?

You can share it via the ‘Share’ button at the top-right corner of Google Sheets.


  1. Step 1: Open Google Sheets.
  2. Step 2: Enter your data.
  3. Step 3: Calculate the mean.
  4. Step 4: Calculate standard deviation.
  5. Step 5: Create a chart.
  6. Step 6: Add error bars.


Creating a standard deviation graph in Google Sheets is a straightforward process that can provide valuable insights into your data’s variability. Visualizing this information makes it easier to spot trends, outliers, and overall data distribution. Whether you’re a student, a data analyst, or just someone curious about statistics, mastering this skill is a handy addition to your toolkit.

For further reading, check out Google’s support pages or other online resources for more advanced features and tips. Now that you know how to make a standard deviation graph in Google Sheets, why not experiment with your own data? By diving in and trying it out, you’ll get more comfortable with the process and discover even more ways to analyze your data effectively. Happy charting!